When treating Periodontal Disease periodontists usually provide other treatments, such as crown lengthening, soft tissue grafting and bone regeneration (see the Individual & Cosmetic Procedures section for more information on these procedures).
Treating Periodontal Disease With Joburg Dental
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that gets under the gums and into the bone around your teeth, causing inflammation. Periodontal inflammation leads to bone loss and eventual tooth loss and may contribute to other medical conditions. Once a patient is diagnosed with gum (periodontal) disease, more involved procedures are required to treat the disease. In the early stages of gum disease, most treatment involves non-surgical procedures; however, in more advanced stages, surgical procedures are often required.
Scaling & Root Planing
The upper level of infection in the pockets around your teeth can be removed using specialized instruments. This procedure is called, “Scaling and Root Planing,” “Phase One Treatment” or “Initial Therapy.” It is done under local anesthesia and is quite different from the routine dental cleaning that is traditionally done in the general dentist’s office. Our office is unique in that we use the Perioscope during your root planing to visually confirm that bacterial plaque has been removed.
Lower Level Infection Removal
If your infection has spread into the bone that supports your teeth and is below the level that can be reached with Scaling and Root Planing, additional procedures may be necessary to reach and remove this deeper infection. This may also require the use of antibiotics in conjunction with treatment.
Does Scaling & Root Planing Hurt?
Depending on the depth of the pocket and severity of the infection, we may suggest that the area be numbed to make the process more comfortable. Many of our patients comment on how easy and painless the procedure ended up being.
If your pockets are not too deep, it may even be possible to do the procedure without numbing. The only sensation will be the scraping feeling on the teeth as the area is cleaned and smoothed.
Once the root surface is cleared of tartar and smoothed, the gums are given a chance to heal and can actually reattach to the root eliminating deep pockets.