Oral Medicine is the specialty of dentistry concerned with the oral health care of patients with chronic, recurrent and medically related disorders of the oral and maxillofacial region, and with their diagnosis and non-surgical management.
Oral Medicine sits at the interface between dentistry and medicine. Many Oral Medicine specialists have dental and medical qualifications, although a medical degree is not a requirement for entry to specialty training.
The key difference from Oral Surgery and Maxillofacial Surgery is that in Oral Medicine the emphasis is on conditions that are primarily managed without the need for surgery.
Some of the lesions and conditions that are treated include
- Mouth ulcers (Aphthous stomatitis, canker sores, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, RAS)
- Herpes simplex virus infections
- Denture sore mouth
- Irritation fibroma
- Pyogenic granuloma
- Traumatic ulcer
- Nicotine stomatitis
- Drug-induced gingival hyperplasia (Dilantin hyperplasia)
- Geographic tongue (benign migratory glossitis, erythema migrans)
- Lichen planus
- Angular cheilosis
- Candidiasis (Moniliasis, Thrush)
- Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (Vincent’s infection, trench mouth)
- Hairy tongue (coated tongue)
- Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)